How Fast Does an Arrow Travel After Hitting It?

Archery is a dedicated and passionate animal hunting and target practicing a sport that so many people are getting interested in with passing time. And the reasons are quite obvious, it’s fun, challenging and at the same time, pretty sophisticated.

Becoming a pro hunter will require you to go through several lessons, practices, and questions while doing so. One common question that most novice and some intermediate level bow hunter have is how fast does an arrow travel. Today, let’s have a complete chat over the average speed for this fantastic gear and some common factors that decides that speed. Let’s Go!

How Long Does an Arrow Travel – The Average Speed?

The speed of arrows can be different depending on the bow type to shoot better or slow down at one point. Now, you might struggle to learn about the average speed of them and how fast does an arrow travel.

As different bow arrows vary in the speed, it’s hard to find the right average speed of them. Yet, many kinds of research show that the average speed of recurve bow arrows is 225 FPS or 150 MPH. While in contrast, the compound bow arrows can travel up to 300 FPS or 200 MPH.

Unlike others, the longbows arrows come with 100 pounds drawing weight that’s capable to travel 180 FPS or 122MPH. By looking at all types of bow arrows, you can easily say that the average speed of them will be 235 Feet per Second or 150 Miles per Hour.

Even though most arrows tend to fly anywhere between 100 to 300 FPS, they are quite slow than the slower gun. The slow gun is able to shoot animals or objects for up to 400 FPS. Yet, there are some guns available that are slower than the bow arrow’s average speed.

If comparing the bow types to each other, it’s clear that the longbow arrows are leaking in speed. Since they are quite heavier than the other bow arrows, they tend to slow down while hitting the target.

Factors That Decides the Speed for Arrow

After reading the average speed, it’s time to give you some ideas that influence the speed of arrows. Read down below to catch up more details:

Drawing Weight of the Bow

Do you know the arrow speed actually depends on the drawing weight of the bow and arrow? The more drawing weight you insert, the faster your arrow will fly when you shoot. Also, it measures the potential energy needed to use for pulling the bowstring.

The Drawing Length

If you drag bowstring in the back with arrows in an inch difference, what do you think it’ll happen? No speed! This thing indicates that the drawing length of bowstring also affects speed.

As it’s common to understand that the more you’ll pull your bowstring backward, the more it’ll run onward. So, think of the drawing speed when you need better arrow speed.

Arrow Trajectory under Shooting Condition

The trajectory of an arrow is an essential aspect that helps it to fly faster. In most cases you’ll experience, the quicker your arrow is moving forward, the smoother its flight trajectory is being under firing condition.

The Bowstring Construction

Another thing that affects greatly on how fast an arrow can fly is the bowstring construction. Depending on its built material, your arrow can get slow or fast traveling advantages.

The bowstring made of elastic-plastic materials gives amplifies the distance to travel an arrow by some FPS. It’s better to keep a low-weighted bowstring to increase the speed for up to 3 FPS.

Design of the Arrow

Based on arrow design, you’ll find a huge difference in the speed of shooting arrows. It’s because of the heavy and light design that creates the variation. Basically, a light arrow will give better speed while the heavier one will leak to serve so. For that, invest in the lighter yet tough arrows.

Don’t Forget About the Lubrication

Not only has the arrow design mattered at a faster speed but also the lubrication is important to notice. After some year, your bowstring and other parts start to wear down that can be prevented by lubrication. So, make sure you are taking care of bowstring and accessories by using regular lubrication.

Weather Conditions

The weather condition also gives negative effects when shooting an arrow which deeply influences speed. Cruel weather with wind disadvantages helps your arrow to swing over the target. Yet, this type of issue is caused by nature which needs the practice to stay on track.

Is The Speed Dangerous?

Most archery experts believe that the bow shooting speed is the safest game in the world. It basically delivers different speeds, depending on the weight and design of the arrow.

Do you know most arrows can fly up to 100-300 FPS? Of course, the bow will deliver fast speed if you use lighter arrows. Then again, the heavier arrows will deliver not as fast as lighter ones.

Since the lighter arrows will not need extra effort to drag, it’ll deliver fast speed which is safe. Yet, both bow types need practice and maintenance to avoid accidents.


Modern-day archery has blessed bowhunters and shooters with tons of options when it comes to choosing a nice and elegantly working bow. With the right tool and a chest full of desire to do better in this activity, lots of novice hunters and shooters are turning into experts.

Becoming a pro will demand meeting a lot of curiosity and practice. And asking a simple question such as how fast does an arrow travel is obvious because of that. However, knowing about how this speed varies will also help at aiming better and accurately. And so, it’s important you know the right perspective about it.

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